The Landscape Architecture of Hydrological Ecosystem Services at the Periphery of Southeast Asian Cities: The Case of the Ciliwung Watershed between Bogor and Jakarta in Indonesia
Studying the interaction between water, ecology and landscapes in the extended metropolitan regions of Southeast Asia to improve water quality and biodiversity, while respecting local cultural traditions and dwelling patterns
Traditional environmental planning has not sufficiently looked at the city and its fringes as a potential reservoir of biotic diversity. Established scientific cannons of ecology tend to concentrate on existing natural preservation areas to further their research rather than turn their experience towards the wider urban environment in general. Current landscape interventions at the urban periphery of major Southeast Asian cities bear this out. They evidence a blatant lack of constructive exchange on the topic of applied sustainability, between urban fringes and their vast rural and territorial hinterlands.
This module aims to initiate remedial methods for tropical landscape architecture capable of contributing significantly to these issues. In particular it addresses the challenge of flood and erosion control, improvement of water quality and biodiversity, while considering the river edge as a public space and slow pedestrian and fluvial corridor that is both ecologically responsible and respectful of local cultural traditions and dwelling patterns. It will do so by focussing on specified sites along the Ciliwung River at the southern periphery of Jakarta in Indonesia, a place prone to recurrent and violent floods. This is intended as a pilot project that will lead to an in-depth investigation resulting in various scenarios, prediction models and guidelines for the planning of medium scale watersheds in rapidly urbanising Southeast Asian cities. The objective of this project is to integrate cultural and economic considerations within an adaptive system of large-scale landscape structures in view of creating a resilient environmental corridor system capable also of yielding more protection and fruition for the inhabitants. It will use 3D GIS landscape modelling and visualisation combined with hydrological ecosystems modelling to underpin new kinds of interdisciplinary research spanning regional planning, environmental engineering and landscape architecture.
DESIGN RESEARCH STUDIO (DRS), Spring Semester 2012
The Design Research Studio on the Ciliwung River running at the Future Cities Laboratory in Singapore during Spring Semester 2012 focuses on the potential role of landscape architecture in the informal settlements of Kampung Melayu and Bukit Duri in Jakarta. Eleven NUS MLA students in their last semester, spent ten days doing intensive field work along the Ciliwung River in Jakarta using handheld GIS technology. They are presently designing a project for an ecological river corridor for Jakarta using precise visualizing and modelling techniques and a variety of topographic approaches.
Teaching Team of the Design Research Studio
- Professor Christophe Girot (ETH) and Professor Jörg Rekittke (NUS)
- Philip Paar, Berlin (embedded Grassroots GIS project [Rekittke/Paar])
- Alexandre Kapellos, ETH Zurich LVML (Rhino and RhinoCam, CNC modelling)
- James Melsom, ETH Zürich LVML (Rhino, Grasshoper and Sensefly)
- Gauri Bharihoke
- Guo Yunjia Lehana
- Hou Suya
- Lin Shengwei Ervine
- Muhammad Yazid Ninsalam
- Neha Mehta
- Nur Syafiqah Nahadi
- Nur Syuhada Limat
- Sng En Ai Rebecca
- Soh Han Jie
- Teo Hui Yi Rachel